About Sun Damage

Sun damage refers to the harmful effects on the skin caused by prolonged exposure to ultraviolet (UV) radiation from the sun. This exposure can lead to various skin-related issues, and the damage accumulates over time. Here are some common aspects of sun damage:

  1. Sunburn: Excessive sun exposure can cause sunburn, characterized by red, painful, and sometimes blistered skin. Severe sunburns increase the risk of skin damage and skin cancer.

  2. Premature Aging: Chronic sun exposure accelerates the aging process of the skin, leading to premature aging signs such as wrinkles, fine lines, and loss of skin elasticity.

  3. Hyperpigmentation: Sun damage can result in uneven skin tone and the development of dark spots or hyperpigmentation, commonly known as sunspots or age spots.

  4. Actinic Keratosis: Prolonged sun exposure can lead to the development of actinic keratosis, which are rough, scaly patches on the skin that can progress to skin cancer if left untreated.

  5. Melasma: Sun exposure can exacerbate or contribute to melasma, a condition characterized by dark patches on the skin, typically on the face.

  6. Weakened Skin Immunity: UV radiation can compromise the skin’s immune system, making it more susceptible to infections and reducing the body’s ability to repair damaged DNA.

  7. Increased Skin Cancer Risk: Long-term exposure to UV radiation is a major risk factor for the development of skin cancers, including basal cell carcinoma, squamous cell carcinoma, and malignant melanoma.

Treatment Options

  • Topical treatments
  • Chemical peels
  • Laser therapy
  • Microdermabrasion
  • Prescription medications
  • Skin cancer treatment
Questions & Answers

Do you have a question about Sun Damage? To get started, ask your family physician for a requisition form to book an appointment with Dr. Neel Malhotra and we look forward to seeing you at our clinic.

Can sun damage be reversed?

While complete reversal may not be possible, many treatments, including topical products, chemical peels, laser therapy, and microdermabrasion, can help improve the appearance of sun-damaged skin.

How can I protect my skin from sun damage?

Protective measures include regular use of broad-spectrum sunscreen with a high SPF, wearing protective clothing, seeking shade during peak sunlight hours, and avoiding tanning beds.

Are there long-term consequences of sun damage?

Yes, long-term consequences may include a higher risk of skin cancers, persistent skin discolouration, and premature aging, including the development of wrinkles and loss of skin elasticity.

Can sun damage lead to skin cancer?

Yes, prolonged sun exposure is a major risk factor for skin cancers, including basal cell carcinoma, squamous cell carcinoma, and malignant melanoma.

How often should I get my skin checked for sun damage or skin cancer?

Regular skin checks are recommended, especially if you have a history of sun exposure. Individuals with a higher risk of skin cancer, such as fair-skinned individuals or those with a family history, may benefit from more frequent checks.

Can sun damage be prevented?

Yes, adopting sun-safe practices, including sunscreen use, protective clothing, and avoiding excessive sun exposure, can significantly reduce the risk of sun damage.